Arbutus unedo L.

Strawberry tree, Irish strawberry tree
Arbutus_unedo_01 Arbutus_unedo_02 Arbutus_unedo_03

Description 1

4-5 m high evergreen tree (sometimes reaching 7 m). A reddish, aspera bark stem. Young, hairy branches. Oblong - spear shaped or elliptical leaves that are dark green and lustrous on the top and paler on the reverse with serrated or jagged edges. Flowers in multi-flower, end panicles they are urceolate with small, revolute cream or pinky-white lobes. 2.5 cm large orange-red berries with a rough surface.

Biology 1

Slow growth that tends to branch from the base. Sexual maturity from 3 years. Sexual reproduction by seeds. The cuttings and layers are barely successful, even in gardening. They produce hundreds or thousands of seeds, depending on the size of the sample. The seeds have a slow and staggered germination.

Habitat 1

Invader in the Canary Islands, mesophytic green mountain areas (bush heathland) and humid mountain forests. Resistant to dry conditions. Frosts can harm the young plants. They tolerate calcareous soils although they prefer siliceous, loose soil that is somewhat fresh and deep. They do not strive in ponding.

Sources 1

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species.

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species - Flora 1

http://www.mapama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/temas/conservacion-de-especies/especies-exoticas-invasoras/ce_eei_flora.aspx

Fuentes y Créditos

  1. Adaptado por INVASORES - administrador de un trabajo de (c) cartotragsatec, algunos derechos reservados (CC BY-SA), http://natusfera.gbif.es/guide_taxa/1934

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