Baccharis halimifolia L.

Eastern baccharis, groundsel bush, sea myrtle, saltbus
Baccharis_halimifolia_01 Baccharis_halimifolia_02 Baccharis_halimifolia_03

Description 1

Deciduous, dioecious shrub of 1-4 m, that is almost always densely branched. Brown stem with a diameter of up to 25 cm with very cracked bark. Elliptical or rhomboid, alternate thick leaves that range from bright to greyish green that are between 2-6 cm long. Terminal or axillary inflorescence. Male heads with yellow, tubular flowers, the female flowers are white. Almost cylindrical fruit (1.3-1.8 mm) with a seed and white-silver pappus of up to 12 mm.

Biology 1

Flowers from August to October. It reproduces both sexually and via root sprouts. High production of wind dispersed seeds. Prefers sunny areas and grows more slowly in the shade. High capacity to re-shoot after fires. Does not have many soil requirements and can adapt to substrates that are poor in nitrogen and phosphorus. Vegetates on dry land, preferring humid, slightly salty areas.

Habitat 1

Salt marshes and disturbed areas close to the sea in the north of the Iberian Peninsula. Disturbed areas. Degraded, wooded environments.

Sources 1

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species and Document sheets of the Exotic Invasive Species Act 630/2013 (GEIB)

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species - Flora 1

http://www.mapama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/temas/conservacion-de-especies/especies-exoticas-invasoras/ce_eei_flora.aspx

Fuentes y Créditos

  1. Adaptado por INVASORES - administrador de un trabajo de (c) cartotragsatec, algunos derechos reservados (CC BY-SA), http://natusfera.gbif.es/guide_taxa/1937

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