Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799)

Asian common toad, common Indian toad
Duttaphrynus_melanostictus_01 Duttaphrynus_melanostictus_02

Description 1

Toad of up to 85 mm in length. Robust body with a small head and short legs. The feet on the rear extremities are webbed. Short, blunt snout. Very evident, wide eardrum. Variable colourings, often yellowish or brown, with dark streaks or marks. Back covered in spiny warts that tend to be black. Bony peak on the upper part of the head.

Biology 1

Opportunistic feeding habits, wide variety of terrestrial invertebrates (mainly arthropods, ants and termites, as well as other orders or insects and myriapods, arachnids and molluscs). Up to 40,000 eggs are laid each time; female ovaries can carry up to 30% their body weight, small larvae.

Habitat 1

Very opportunistic, they can live in very different habitats, such as warm, subtropical and tropical areas, and from sea levels to up to 1,800-2000 m high.

Sources 1

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species and Document sheets of the Exotic Invasive Species Act 630/2013 (GEIB)

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species - Amphibian 1

http://www.mapama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/temas/conservacion-de-especies/especies-exoticas-invasoras/ce_eei_anfibios.aspx

Fuentes y Créditos

  1. Adaptado por INVASORES - administrador de un trabajo de (c) cartotragsatec, algunos derechos reservados (CC BY-SA), http://natusfera.gbif.es/guide_taxa/2034

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