Dysdera crocata C. L. Koch, 1838

Woodlouse spider
Dysdera_crocata_01 Dysdera_crocata_02

Description 1

Medium-sized spider (males between 10-15 mm and females between 15-30 mm). 6 eyes grouped together in a narrow semicircle. Large chelicerae compared to its size, which are always visible, with end fangs almost as large. Shiny cephalothorax and abdomen that are almost the same size. Thin legs, each tarsus with two claws and a tuft of hairs. Dark red/brown-orange legs, cephalothorax and chelicerae.

Biology 1

A nocturnal, epigeal predatory species, specialising in isopods. They live in humid places, and can be found beneath stones or tree trunks. They can live for more than two years, reaching sexual maturity at one year old. The female deposits some 60/70 eggs.

Habitat 1

An invader in the Canary Islands, they live in many environments: agricultural land and green areas, not too halophytic coastal bushlands, xerophyte bushland of the altitudinal zonations, medium altitude bushlands and mountains, pine forests, dry and humid mountain forests, Juniperus spp forests, xerophile green mountain arboreal areas, heathland and bush heathland of Myrica faya and Erica arborea, altered scrublands and pastures and urban areas.

Sources 1

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species and Document sheets of the Exotic Invasive Species Act 630/2013 (GEIB)

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species - Non-crustaceans arthropods 1

http://www.mapama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/temas/conservacion-de-especies/especies-exoticas-invasoras/ce_eei_artropodos_nc.aspx

Fuentes y Créditos

  1. Adaptado por INVASORES - administrador de un trabajo de (c) cartotragsatec, algunos derechos reservados (CC BY-SA), http://natusfera.gbif.es/guide_taxa/2035

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