Arundo donax L.

Giant cane, carrizo, arundo, Spanish cane, Colorado river reed, wild cane, and giant reed.
Arundo_donax_01_compr Arundo_donax_02_compr

Description 1

Perennial graminoid plant, very robust and with woody rhizomes. Hollow stems, erect, up to 4 m in height, single or thinly branched in soft and glabrous bunches. Leaves with stalks of 5-6 cm in width, cordate at the base, up to 60 cm in length.

Biology 1

In Spain, it reproduces asexually through robust rhizomes that reach considerable distances from the mother plant. The rhizome fragments are also dispersed by currents of water that may run dry for several months, without losing the capacity to sprout roots when they rehydrate. Already established plants can expand their rhizomes by half a metre per year.

Habitat 1

Hygrophyllic plant, its habitats are ripary environments and wetlands, both natural and artificial. It can withstand high temperatures very well but can only withstand winter lows relatively well, and therefore it does not prosper in areas that have very cold winters. Rather indifferent to the mineralogical nature of the substrate. Certain resistance capacity to moderate salinity. Prefers areas with adequate sun and well drained moist soil.

Sources 1

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species, Atlas of Exotic Invasive Plants in Spain.

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species - Flora 1

http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/temas/conservacion-de-especies/especies-exoticas-invasoras/ce_eei_flora.aspx

Fuentes y Créditos

  1. Adaptado por INVASORES - administrador de un trabajo de (c) cartotragsatec, algunos derechos reservados (CC BY), http://natusfera.gbif.es/guide_taxa/30

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