Estrilda astrild (Ait.) Muhl.

Common waxbill, St Helena waxbill
Estrilda_astrild_01_compr Estrilda_astrild_02_compr

Description 1

Small sized bird, with small head, very short round wings and tail in wedge formation. The plumage of the adult male is matt brown in colour in the upper sections and ochre in the lower sections, although both finely flanked by dark brown. Smooth throat, the lower part of the tail is black and the central ventral area red. Intense red eye area and beak. The female is like the males but less striped on the breast (almost smooth) with a red hue on the face and beak and lacking red in the ventral area.

Biology 1

Monogamous bird, territorial during the breeding season, with an extensive reproduction season in Spain (almost throughout the entire year). Several lays per year, of 4-6 white eggs. The nest is a relatively large hollow ball of dried grass, pointing downward (like a pear) among dense vegetation at a height of at least a half metre above the ground. Incubation of 11-13 days and some 18-20 days to care for the chicks. Basically a granivorous diet (herbaceous seeds) and, rarely, insects.

Habitat 1

In Spain it is associated with areas of marsh vegetation as its principal settlement, but its adaptable nature allows it to later occupy other habitats, such as the Galician countryside, irrigated land, fruit crops and bush and tree environments rich in herbaceous plants.

Sources 1

Enciclopedia de las aves de España [Spanish Birds Encyclopaedia] (SEO-Birdlife)

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species - Birds 1

http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/biodiversidad/temas/conservacion-de-especies/especies-exoticas-invasoras/ce_eei_aves.aspx

Fuentes y Créditos

  1. Adaptado por INVASORES - administrador de un trabajo de (c) cartotragsatec, algunos derechos reservados (CC BY), http://natusfera.gbif.es/guide_taxa/111

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