Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pumpkinseed, sunfish

Description 1

Small-sized fish, does not usually reach longer than 25 cm. Flat body in the sides, very colourful: blue stripes from head to sides, black and red patch in the rear side of the operculum; yellow-reddish stomach. Highly developed dorsal fin with two different parts: the front part with spiny rays and the rear part with soft rays.

Biology 1

It spawns between May-July in water with a temperature over 16oC. One or several females lay eggs, between 600-5,000, in nests dug in the sand which will be watched over by the male. Period of incubation between 3-5 days, larvae are watched over by the male until they are able to swim and seek refuge. Opportunist omnivorous: voracious predator for invertebrates, molluscs, insects, eggs, fingerlings and small fish. It usually attacks other fish by the tail, pulling it out so that they cannot escape.

Habitat 1

Highly adaptable species that can live in ponds and shallow areas, very resistant during the summer with low flows in rivers and still water.

Sources 1

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species, Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Peces Continentales de España [Atlas and Red Book of Continental Fish of Spain].

Spanish Catalogue of Exotic Invasive Species - Fishes 1


Fuentes y Créditos

  1. Adaptado por INVASORES - administrador de un trabajo de (c) cartotragsatec, algunos derechos reservados (CC BY), http://natusfera.gbif.es/guide_taxa/34

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